Safety

“I clean. I save,” the Philippine Spring Cleaning Day

In the Philippines, eight out of 10 top causes of morbidity are infectious in nature. These diseases like measles, chicken pox and pneumonia are transmitted by sneezing, coughing, spitting, talking and by air currents. On the other hand, diarrhea can be acquired by contaminated water, food, milk and blood.

The infection process is like a circle of links, its a cycle that goes on and on in a sequential manner. To prevent infection is to break the links in the chain of infection. The links are: infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit from the reservoir, mode of transmission, and portal of entry into a susceptible host.

To break the link of the chain of infection , there are several ways and methods that can be practiced and thus prevent infection. Prevention of infections should start at home!

• Foremost is hand hygiene, either you use soap and water or the available hand sanitizer. Once I enter our home, the first thing that I do is hand washing.

• Anything that is moist is a breeding ground for microorganism thus a source of infection.

  1. 1. In the kitchen, clean and disinfect countertops especially crevices, it will prevent bacteria from hiding there.
  2. 2. Replace sponges and wash cloths often.
  3. 3. Air or sun dry wash cloths, bath, face towels every day, they can be breeding ground for fungus.
  4. 4. Spray the inside of shoes with disinfectant to kill off fungus spores. Never keep shoes in cabinets, air dry them.
  5. 5. Clean and disinfect the floor, vinyl tile, and walls inside an air conditioned room every now and then.

• For your children especially if they are toddlers, select play toys that can easily be cleaned and disinfected, stay away from stuffed furry toys if these will be shared with other children.
• Do away with the hanky, it’s unhygienic. Use tissue to Cover mouth/nose when sneezing, and then dispose properly.

If you have more tips on how to maintain cleanliness at home , Join the Philippine Spring Cleaning Day Contest

Give us your best tip on how to clean your home.

1. Put your best tip in Philippine Spring Cleaning Day in commitment/tips page.
2. You also have to email your tip to philippinespringcleaningday@gmail.com with your name and contact number.

Best 20 tips will receive gift packs from Lysol.
Winners will be announced thru Phil. Spring Cleaning FB Fan page – (http://www.facebook.com/philippinespringcleaningday) on May 10, Tuesday.

“Anti-Violence Against Women and Children Law or Republic Act 9262 of 2004″

“ RA 9262 penalizes the commission of violence against women their children (VAWC) in the context of domestic violence or violence in intimate relationships. It defines VAWC as any act or a series of acts committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife, or with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationship, or with whom he has a common child, or against her child whether legitimate or illegitimate, within or without the family abode, which results in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological harm or suffering, or economic abuse including threats of such acts, battery, assault, coercion, harassment or arbitrary deprivation of liberty.

Furthermore, the Law recognizes “Battered Woman Syndrome” which refers to a scientifically defined pattern of psychological or behavioral symptoms found in women living in battering relationships as a result of cumulative abuse, as an acceptable defense for actions committed by the victim as a result of battering.”

Who is at risk for domestic violence?

Here 2 tools used by doctors and professionals to help determine your risk for domestic violence.
They are the Lethality Checklist and the Physical Abuse Ranking Scale. These two can determine what you should watch out for in a relationship.

Lethality Checklist:
Count the items that apply to your current relationship. The higher the number of items from this list, the greater your danger potential.

  1. Objectifies you (calls you names, body parts, animals): (Tinatawag ka lang ng kung anu-anung pangalan .
  2. Blames you for injuries (Sinisisi ka sa mga pinsalang nangyari sa inyong katawan o kapaligiran)
  3. Is unwilling to turn you lose ( Ayaw kang pakawalan o mawala)
  4. Is obsessed with you ( nahuhumaling siya sa iyo na itituring ka na niyang isang pag aari na parang kalakal)
  5. Is hostile, angry, or furious ( palagi kang sinasalungat, nanlalaban, o galit nagalit)
  6. Appears distraught (Mukhang palaging nababahala o balisa)
  7. Is extremely jealous, blaming you for all types of promiscuous behavior (sobrang magselos, at sinisisi kang madalas sa immoral o mahalay na paguugali)
  8. Has been involved in previous incidents of significant violence (Nasangkot na siya dati sa ibang karahasan)
  9. Has killed pets (nakapatay na ng mga alaganag hayop)

10.  Has made threats (mayroon na siyang ginawang pagbabanta)]
11.  Has made previous suicide attempts (mayroon ng ginawang pagtatangka  magpakamatay sa sarili niyang  buhay)
12.  Is threatening suicide (nagbabantang magpapakamatay)
13.  Has access to guns  (pwedeng makakauha o mayroon baril)
14.  Uses alcohol (umiinom ng alak)
15.  Uses amphetamines, cocaine, or other drugs ( gumagamit ng mga pinagbabawal na gamot)
16.  Has thoughts of hurting you (may saloobin o nag plaplano na sasaktan ka.
17.  Has no desire to stop violent or controlling behavior ( walang pagnanais na huminto o pigilin ang sarili sa marahas na pag uugali
18.  Has a relationship with you that is extremely tense and volatile ( ang relasyon siyo ay maigting o sumpungin)

Physical Abuse Ranking Scale:

The scale depicts increasing risk with increasing number  (’1′ representing low risk and ’9′ highest risk).
Any violent act greater than 5 on this scale indicates a high danger potential.

  1. Throwing things, punching the wall
  2. Pushing, shoving, grabbing, throwing things at you
  3. Slapping with an open hand
  4. Kicking, bitinga
  5. Hitting with closed fists
  6. Attempted strangulation
  7. Beating up, pinning to the wall or floor, repeated kicks and punches
  8. Threatening with a weapon
  9. Assault with a weapon

Reference:

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/domestic_violence/page7_em.htm

4th Cause of Mortality in the Philippines: Accidents
Top 10 causes of mortality in the Philippines

It’s seldom that I watched TV, but I chance upon Oprah Winfrey show about her advocacy Oprah’s No Phone Zone campaign. In its face book page of Make your car a NO PHONE ZONE, statistics show that twenty-eight percent of traffic accidents occur when people talk on cell phones or send text messages while driving, according to a study by the National Safety Council. The vast majority of those crashes, 1.4 million annually, are caused by cell phone conversations, and 200,000 are blamed on text messaging.

In recent news about a derailed LRT train a month ago, the driver was apparently looking at his cell phone while over speeding. Texting while driving has become a bad habit among drivers. Talking about the Philippines as the “texting Capital of the world”

Here in the Philippines, accidents have been listed as the 4th cause of mortality.

Based on the 2000 Philippine Health Statistics, 36 percent of all causes of deaths from accidents and injuries are due to assaults, followed by deaths from transport accidents at 26 percent.

According to the Philippine National Police Highway Patrol Group a total of 14,847 of vehicular accidents in Philippines happened from January to October 2010.

Other deaths from accidents and injuries are secondary to drowning, suicide, accidental falls, forces of nature, legal interventions, fire, and other undetermined causes.

Here are the other causes of mortality in the Philippines based on the Philippine Statistical Yearbook of 2009.

The top 10 causes of mortality in the Philippines are:

Cause Total Rate
1. Diseases of the heart 70, 861 84.8
2. Diseases of the vascular system 51,680 61.8
3. Malignant Neoplasms 40,524 48.9
4. Accidents 34,483 41.3
5. Pneumonia 32,098 38.4
6. Tuberculosis 26,770 31.0
7. Unclassified 21,278 25.5
8. Chronic lower respiratory diseases 18,975 22.7
9.Diabetes mellitus 16,552 19.8
10. Conditions originating from the perinatal period 13,180 15.8


Reported rape cases which ranked third (among reported cases of violence against women VAW) accounted for about 13.1 percent of total reported VAW cases from 1999 to 2009. Acts of lasciviousness ranked fourthat an average of 564 reported cases accounting for 8.1 percent of all reported VAW cases from 1999 to 2009.

STATISTICS ON VIOLENCE AGAINST FILIPINO WOMEN

An average of seven (7) women were raped daily in the Philippines in 2002, the same average recorded in 2001.

http://www.nscb.gov.ph/statseries/03/ss-200307-ss1-01.asp

The population size is estimated to reach 94.01 million in 2010 where women comprise 49.73 percent (around 47 million) of this total.The population of women in childbearing ages (15-49 years) was recorded at 19.4 million or 51.04 percent. The highest percentage was in the 15 to 19 years age group at 10.53 percent.

Fact Sheet Filipino and Philippine Commission on Women

http://www.ncrfw.gov.ph/index.php/statistics-on-filipino-women

How does a mother protect her children from these instances of rape and acts of lasciviousness? Are there rules to follow to prevent rape? There are several suggestions that can be practiced inside the home, work or school, dates and even personal activities.

  • Always keep your door and windows locked when you are alone at home.
  • Have adequate lighting around you when you are alone.
  • Do not enter an elevator with a stranger.
  • When going to and from school or work after dark, walk in the street rather than next to shrubs or dark hallways or buildings.
  • Be clear with your date that when you say no, you mean no.
  • Limit alcohol use, because it can lead to risk taking behavior.
  • Do not date anybody who you know has been taking drugs ( substance abuse), or has access to drugs.
  • It is better not to use chain around your neck that can be used to strangle you.
  • Learn to use self-defense. (Scratch the skin of the attacker, which can be used as specimen for evidence.
  • Fight or struggle but be cautious, because it can mean more violence and may harm you. (Remember, the scrotum is a pain sensitive area among males, and a slight pinch would lead to an excruciating pain.)
  • Taxi drivers can be attackers, ride only taxis owned by companies.
  • Mothers should also be responsible in teaching their young daughter responsibilities on dating. ( e.g. your body is your property and you can decide who looks at it and touches it, You do not allow any one to touch you in a way that you do not like.)
  • Let us teach our sons, that rape is bad, and they have their responsibilities towards women.

Reference: Pillitteri ,Adele Maternal and Child Health Nursing: Care of the Childbearing and Childrearing Family, 5th edition